Temperate Forests

Dry Schlerophyll Forest - Barmah Forest

Schlerophyll means hard leafed.


Barmah National Park (webpage)

Australia’s largest river red gum forest and the biggest ecosystem of its type in the world

The Barmah–Millewa Forest is the largest river red gum forest in Australia, covering 66,000 hectares of floodplain between Tocumwal, Deniliquin and Echuca.
Many threatened native plants, birds, fish and reptiles make this forest and its wetlands their home. Spring floods keep river red gums healthy and allow waterbirds to breed and raise their young. It is also an important habitat for native fish.

The Barmah-Millewa forest is an internationally recognised wetland listed under the Ramsar Convention and represents all of the four freshwater wetland types in Victoria.

River Red Gums line the Murray River for most of its length. These iconic trees can reach 45 metres and live for more than 500 years. The trees need periods of flooding and can survive inundation for months. Their seeds are washed onto higher ground during a flood and germinate and grow before the next flood reaches them. Hollows and broken branches provide nesting for galahs, cockatoos, cockatiels and various parrots; while fallen branches provide habitat for other animals

Background reading...

and referencing...

Keith Stockdale:

Barmah-Milliewa Forest

National Park Notes:

Visitor Guide
Murray River Parklands Camping Guide
Walking tracks
Map of river redgum reserves
Internationally significant wetlands

Murray Darling Basin (MDBC)

Education Resources
Environmental management Plan
Barmah Choke Study
The Living Murray Planned Works
Native Fish Strategy: Snags, Tagging Fish,


"The Waterlines" and "Barmah Forest History"